Pathology and Cytology

This department at CVRL works on carcasses, formalin fixed tissue and body samples in order to detect abnormalities and potential disease in the tissue through the use of different staining procedures.

In order to detect abnormalities in different animal species, we screen organs such as lungs, liver, kidney, brain, heart, spleen, lymph nodes and skin using a basic staining procedure with Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E).

If any abnormalities are found, we provide
further analysis using procedures such as:

1.ZN-stain for TB and other Mycobacteria.
2.PAS-stain and Grocott stain for Fungus.
3.Giemsa-stain for Parasites and abnormal cells.
4.Warthin Starry-stain for Spirochates.
5.Congo Red-stain for Amyloids.
6.Macchiavello-stain for viral inclusion bodies and Chlamydia.

In special cases, more advanced techniques like immunochemistry can be applied (tumour marker, infectious diseases).

Microscopic examinations (Cytology) of urine, ascites fluid, joint fluid, bronchial aspirate and more are also carried out.

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